According to Tibetan tradition, the Encampment style was established—or more likely codified—in Central Tibet by the painter Namkha Tashi in the court of the Ninth Karmapa (1555–1603). He placed figures based on Indian models in landscapes inspired primarily by paintings of the Chinese Yuan and Ming courts. His first painting teacher, Konchok Phende of the Menri School, had already begun looking to Chinese models before the Encampment style was established. However Namkha Tashi and his successors carried the Chinese-inspired aesthetic revolution started by Tibetan painters in the mid-fifteenth century much further.
Ninth Karmapa, Wangchug Dorje (1555–1603)
Central Tibet; ca. 1590
Pigments on cloth
59.25 x 42.25 in.
Rubin Museum of Art
Purchased from the Collection of Navin Kumar, New York
C2005.20.2 (HAR 90005)